Achievements



Lebanon Achievements

Quinoa crop showed its adaptability and ability to grow under hard situations such as drought and bad soil conditions. It gave a good yield under limited water application and in soil suffering from salinity, proving that this crop could be an important alternative to traditional crops in Lebanon, and a valuable crop for food production and food security in the country especially in the marginal non-productive agricultural lands, and in the arid and semi-arid areas.

Introduction of Quinoa to Lebanon had been very successful in terms of cultivation, and the farmers must be encouraged to start growing it, especially that quinoa is well known in the markets and is sold at very high prices, which could provide farmers an additional good income. Still w have to solve the desaponification problem.

Recommendations

Based o the results of the two-years field trials conducted in the framework of the FAO's TCP which is the first to introduce the cultivation of quinoa to Lebanon, we will focus during the next phase on the following issues:
  • Study the impact of climatic factors on quinoa, especially frost during the initial stages of the life cycle of the plant, and heat during flowering;
  • Study the impact of water stress to define the best rate of water requirements under different agro-climatic zones of Lebanon;
  • Study the forage quality of the Peruvian varieties;
  • Find or provide a processing facility to remove the saponin from quinoa seed's pericarp; - Further trials on the necessary amendments on plot combines and threshers to mechanize the harvest and threshing of quinoa;
  • Multiplication of the most suitable varieties to provide seeds to farmers;
  • Extension and training on quinoa cultivation;
  • Ensuring further projects that would propagate the current results and expand their application.